State Assembly Building, George Town, Penang

The Penang State Assembly Building (Dewan Undangan Negeri Pulau Pinang in Malay) at Light Street, George Town

The State Assembly Building is an Anglo-Indian classical style 'Parliament' for the State of Penang. Situated near the eastern end of Light Street within the centre of George Town's UNESCO World Heritage Site, this colonial building was built in the 1820s.

As this building serves as the 'Parliament' of Penang, it is off limits to the public. You can only view the building from the outside.


Penang Immigration Department Building, George Town, Penang

The Immigration Department Building was initially built in 1890 as an additional block of the State Assembly Building.

The State Assembly Building was constructed in the 1820s using Indian convict labour. It was renovated in 1874. A block was added in 1890 to house the administrative offices of the Straits Settlements Police Force; it is now used separately as the Immigration Department Building.

The Anglo-Indian classical style building was once used as the Recorder's Court and the Magistrates' Court, as well as a part of the Central Police Station. The Police Court was also housed inside the building, enabling a convenient hearing of all criminal cases.

During World War 2, the Japanese utilised the building as the administrative centre for Penang.

Since the early 1960s, the building has been used as the legislative building for the Penang state government. The former court building was converted into the chambers for the Penang State Assembly at a cost of over $150,000 (Malaya and British Borneo dollar).

In recent years, there have been calls for the Penang state government to build a new state legislative building elsewhere within George Town to cope with the increase in the number of elected state assemblymen.

Political Representation

Penang State Government

N.26 Padang Kota State Assemblyman : Chow Kon Yeow (Democratic Action Party)

Malaysian Federal Parliament

P.049 Tanjong Member of Parliament : Ng Wei Aik (Democratic Action Party)


  1. Hockton, K., Howard Tan, 2012. Penang : An Inside Guide to Its Historic Homes, Buildings, Monuments and Parks. MPH Group, Kuala Lumpur.
  2. Langdon, M. A Guide to George Town's Historic Commercial and Civic Precints. Penang : George Town World Heritage Incorporated.